Encoding. By Lauresn Castellano

Encoding. By Lauresn Castellano

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The connection between encoding and remembering
at its core is levels of processing. For this concept, psychologists say the more
deeply we encode information, the better we are able to recall it. Now, what do we mean by deeply? Psychologists have been able to identify three
different levels of processing. Before I get started in describing this, I
want you to remember these three words, tablet, bell, amethyst. Okay, let’s get started. The first is structural, the second is phonetic,
and the third is semantic. So, for the level of processing structural
would be shallow. Then we’d go down to semantic, which would
be deep. And remember, the more deeply encoded the
information, the better we recall it. So, let’s look at probability of recall. The shallow level of processing would give
us a low probability of recalling the information. And a deep level of processing would give
us a high probability of recall. Let’s say for example I wanted you to remember
the word Amethyst. At the structural level, I may ask you to
describe whether the word has capital letters or lowercase letters. At the phonetic level, I may ask you to think
of words that rhyme with amethyst. And finally, at the semantic level I may ask
you to describe what an amethyst is. It’s purple, it’s in fact a stone, and it’s
even the birthstone for the month of February. Here, a psychologist would say, if you’re
able to engage in all three levels of processing, semantic, phonetic, and structural, we would
have a better ability to recall the information at a later time.

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